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How to Approach Your Year-end Tax Review

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It’s a fact of life: We have to pay taxes on our income. And no one — regardless of how much money we have — enjoys paying the IRS. That’s the primary reason we’re constantly searching for opportunities and financial strategies to help us manage, defer, and reduce our tax liabilities.

One such opportunity rolls around at the end of each calendar year when many individuals take inventory of the strategies they’ve used to reduce their tax bill: the year-end tax review.
Here are a few tips to help you get the most out of this annual process.



Check where you stand with contributions to retirement and education savings/investment accounts.
● Have you reached the maximum amount (or your desired contribution) in your 401(k), 403(b), IRA, Roth IRA, and other retirement accounts? Your contribution strategy helps defer
income to your retirement when you may have less income, resulting in a lower tax obligation.
● 529 plans are savings accounts operated by most states and are designed to help families save for college. While contributions to these plans are not deductible on your federal taxes, many states offer tax deductions for contributing to 529 plans up to a certain dollar limit. The earnings on your contributions grow tax-free.

Make sure you have satisfied any required minimum distribution (RMD) requirements by year’s end.
● Once you retire and reach age 72, you must start making withdrawals from your retirement accounts. If you’ve inherited an IRA, make sure you are meeting RMDs for these accounts as well.
● RMD amounts are calculated using the prior year’s ending balance in a retirement account and a factor provided by the IRS. The required withdrawal percentage increases year-over-year.
● You may want to consider using these funds to cover tax liabilities, satisfy withholding requirements or meet charitable goals.

Review the status and balances of your flexible spending accounts (FSAs) and health savings accounts (HSAs).
● You can make contributions to FSAs without paying Social Security and income taxes on those amounts. However, they are of the “use it or lose it” variety unless the plan allows for a carry over. It’s important to have a plan to exhaust or reduce the balance to the allowed carry over by the end of the year, otherwise the funds will be forfeited.
● Make sure you’ve funded HSAs to maximum or desired levels to achieve triple tax-exempt status (if used for qualified medical expenses): (1) Your contributions to the account are deductible. (2) The funds in your account grow tax-deferred. (3) When you remove funds for qualified medical expenses, the withdrawals are tax-free.

Gather information to calculate tax deductions.
● Charitable contributions, education savings, state/local taxes, medical expenses, and mortgage interest are the most common.
● Compare the totals to the standard deduction to decide if itemizing is beneficial. Consider the impact of gains and losses.
● Harvesting losses can help offset any gains realized during the tax year, reducing capital gains taxes owed.
● Mutual funds generally pass capital gains on to investors in the fourth quarter. Depending on balances in different funds, taxes due could disrupt expected cash flow.

Enlist your financial advisor to monitor these holdings to see if taxes can be avoided.

Gather documentation and records of your charitable giving.
● Consider charitable gifts of appreciated securities. This strategy earns a charitable deduction and avoids payment of capital gains taxes. The charity receives full benefit of the gift.
● If you’ve reached the age of 70½ years, you could gift up to $100,000 directly from your IRA. This satisfies RMD requirements and reduces your adjusted gross income (AGI).

Consider gifting to family members to reduce future estate taxes.
Annual gifts of up to $16,000 each ($32,000 for you and your spouse combined) can be given to multiple individuals without tax consequences. The current lifetime exemption of roughly $12 million per individual is set to reduce by approximately half in 2026.

Consult your professional advisors.
This is not an exhaustive list by any means, and your tax advisor will have specific recommendations based on your unique financial situation. While the key drivers of your investment planning should be your goals, timeline, and risk tolerance, you should work with your financial professionals to consider tax-efficient investment strategies that factor in your tax liability and may help you build your wealth at a much faster pace.

We can help

When it comes to timing tax strategies, you’ll find that some investments are more tax-efficient than others. The tax laws are numerous and complicated — it’s important to seek the advice of your professional advisors to help you determine which vehicles are the most appropriate and advantageous for your financial planning goals. Contact Commerce Financial Advisors today — we’re here to answer your questions and help you make informed decisions.



Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc. (CFP Board) owns the certification marks CFP® and CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ in the United States, which it authorizes use of by individuals who successfully complete CFP Board’s initial and ongoing certification requirements.
Commerce does not provide tax advice or legal advice to customers. While we may provide information or express general opinions from time to time, such information or opinions are not offered as professional tax or legal advice. Consult a tax specialist regarding tax implications related to any product and specific financial situation.
This material is intended to provide general information only, may be of value to the reader and audience, and is reflective of the opinions of Commerce Trust.
Commerce Trust is a division of Commerce Bank. Securities and Advisory services provided through Commerce Brokerage Services, Inc., member FINRA, SIPC and a registered investment advisor. Insurance products are offered through Commerce Insurance Services, Inc. Both entities are subsidiaries of Commerce Bank.
This material is not a recommendation of any particular security, is not based on any particular financial situation or need, and is not intended to replace the advice of a qualified attorney, tax advisor or investment professional. The information in this commentary should not be construed as an individual recommendation of any kind. Strategies discussed here in a general manner may not be appropriate for everyone.
Diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against all risk. Past performance is no guarantee of future results, and the opinions and other information in the investment commentary are as of December 2, 2022.
Commerce does not provide tax advice or legal advice to customers. Consult a tax specialist regarding tax implications related to any product or specific financial situation. Data contained herein from third-party providers is obtained from what are considered reliable sources. However, its accuracy, completeness or reliability cannot be guaranteed, and is subject to change rapidly as additional information regarding global conditions may change. All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice depending upon worldwide market, economic or political conditions.
Securities and Advisory services provided through Commerce Brokerage Services, Inc., member FINRA, SIPC, and a registered investment advisor. Insurance products are offered through Commerce Insurance Services, Inc. Both entities are subsidiaries of Commerce Bank.
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